Alberto Fernández, President of Argentina (elected on Oct 27, 2019)
Alberto Ángel Fernández (born 2 April 1959) is an Argentine lawyer and politician who is the President of Argentina after winning the 2019 general election. He was the Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers during the entirety of Néstor Kirchner’s presidency, and the early months of Cristina Fernández de Kirchner’s. His tenure as Cabinet Chief from 2003 to 2008 remains the longest since the post was created in 1994.
Fernández was born in Buenos Aires, where he also attended Law School at the University of Buenos Aires. His father was a judge of Spanish descent. He graduated at the age of 24, and later became a professor of criminal law. He entered public service as an adviser to Deliberative Council of Buenos Aires and the Argentine Chamber of Deputies. He became Deputy Director of Legal Affairs of the Economy Ministry, and in this capacity served as chief Argentine negotiator at the GATT Uruguay Round. Nominated by newly elected President Carlos Menem to serve as National Superintendent for Insurance, served as President of the Latin American Insurance Managers’ Association from 1989 to 1992, and co-founded the Insurance Managers International Association. He also served as adviser to Mercosur and ALADI on insurance law, and was involved in insurance and health services companies in the private sector. Fernández was named one of the Ten Outstanding Young People of Argentina in 1992, and was awarded the Millennium Award as one of the nation’s Businessmen of the Century, among other recognitions. During this time he became politically close to former Buenos Aires Province Governor Eduardo Duhalde.
He was named head of the City of Buenos Aires chapter of the Justicialist Party, but minimized his involvement in Front for Victory campaigns for Congress in 2009. Fernández actively considered seeking the Justicialist Party presidential nomination ahead of the 2011 general elections. He ultimately endorsed President Cristina Kirchner for re-election, however. He was campaign manager of the presidential candidacy of Sergio Massa in 2015.
Mauricio Macri, Former President of Argentina (since Dec 10, 2015)
Mauricio Macri is an Argentine civil engineer, businessman and politician, and Head of Government of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. Son of Francisco Macri, a prominent Italian businessman in the industrial and construction sectors, he represented the City of Buenos Aires in the lower house of the Argentine congress and has held his current office since 10 December 2007.
He was considered a potential candidate for the 2011 general elections, but declined to run for the presidency of the country and ran instead for reelection as mayor. He got nearly 47% of the vote in the mayoral election, leading to a runoff vote on 31 July 2011 against candidate Daniel Filmus, which he won, getting elected for his second consecutive term.
On 22 November 2015, after a tie in the first round of presidential elections on 25 October, Macri won the first ballotage in Argentina’s history, beating Front for Victory candidate Daniel Scioli and becoming president-elect. Macri will be the first democratically elected non-radical or peronist president since 1916. He will take office on 10 December 2015.
Cristina Fernández, Former President of Argentina
On October 23, 2011, incumbent Cristina Fernández de Kirchner wins 53.9% of the vote in the presidential elections.
Date of birth: 19th February 1953.
Place of birth: La Plata, Buenos Aires.
Marital Status: Married to Néstor Carlos Kirchner
Children: Máximo Kirchner – Florencia Kirchner
Background, both professional and in the Public Administration
- Previous position: Senator for the Province of Buenos Aires, Chairwoman of the Constitutional Affairs Committee of the Honourable Senate of the Nation.
- 2001- 2005: National Senator for the Province of Santa Cruz.
- 1998: Member of the Provincial Constituent Assembly, Province of Santa Cruz
- 1997-2001: Congresswoman, representing the Province of Santa Cruz and Vice Chair of the Education Committee at the House of Representatives, Congress of the Nation.
- 2000: Second Vice Chair of the House of Representatives (Congress of the Nation) Special Investigation Committee concerning illegal acts related to money laundering
- 1999: Chair of the Special Bicameral Committee in charge of following up the investigation related to the attacks on the Israeli Embassy and the AMIA Building (September-December)
- 1995-1997: Senator for the Province of Santa Cruz (resigns when she becomes a Congesswoman)
- 1995: Re-elected provincial representative (resigns to take on office as Senator at the Congress of the Nation)
- 1994: Member of the National Constituent Convention for the Province of Santa Cruz.
- 1993: Re-elected provincial House Representative.
- 1990: First Vice Chair of the House of Representatives of the Province of Santa Cruz.
- 1989: Provincial House Representative in the Province of Santa Cruz and Chair of the Constitutional Affairs, Authorities and Regulations Committee of the Honourable House of Representatives of the Province of Santa Cruz (up to 1995)
- Since she was a student at the Universidad Nacional de La Plata, she has been a staunch supporter of the Justicialista Movement and committed to defend Human Rights.