Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, President of Egypt (since Jun 8, 2014)
Born in Gamaleya, Old Cairo, Sisi graduated from Egyptian Military Academy and U.S. Army War College. Sisi held various command positions in the Egyptian Armed Forces and served as Egypt’s Military Attaché in Riyadh. Sisi got his bachelor of military Sciences in 1977, master from Egyptian Command and Staff College in 1987 and master of military sciences from Joint Services Command and Staff College, UK in 1992 in addition to U.S. Army War College fellowship.
Sisi was the youngest member of the SCAF during Egyptian Revolution of 2011 serving as the director of military intelligence and reconnaissance department. He was later chosen to replace Mohamed Hussein Tantawi and serve as the commander-in-chief and Minister of Defence and Military Production on 12 August 2012. Sisi as the chief of the Egyptian Armed Forces played the leading role in ousting President Mohammed Morsi after an uprising against him in 2013. Sisi installed an interim government and remained as Minister of Defence in addition to becoming First Deputy Prime Minister.
On 26 March 2014, amid calls for Sisi to run for president, he resigned from the military announcing he would stand as a candidate in the 2014 presidential election. The poll, held between 26 and 28 May 2014 without the participation of most political parties, resulted in a resounding victory for el-Sisi over his sole opponent. Sisi sworn into office as President of Egypt on 8 June 2014.
Unlike previous leaders, el-Sisi has been protective of the privacy of his family. He is married and the father of three sons and one daughter. He comes from a religious family and frequently inserts Quranic verses into informal conversations; El-Sisi’s wife wears the traditional Islamic Hijab. He is known to be quiet and is often called the Quiet General. Even as a young man he was often called “General Sisi” due to his perceived orderly demeanor. His interests include reading about history and law.
According to Sherifa Zuhur, a professor at the War College, when el-Sisi attended, many American officers expressed doubts that Muslims could be democratic. El-Sisi disputed this opinion; he and others were critical of decisions made in Iraq and Libya. Zuhur also had the impression that el-Sisi supported a gradual move towards pluralism.
Mohamed Morsy, Former President of Egypt (since June 30, 2012)
Mohamed Morsi Isa El-Ayyat (born August 20, 1951) is the fifth and current President of Egypt, having assumed office June 30, 2012.
Morsi was a Member of Parliament in the People’s Assembly of Egypt from 2000 to 2005 and a leading figure in the Muslim Brotherhood. He became Chairman of the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), a political party, when it was founded by the Muslim Brotherhood in the wake of the 2011 Egyptian revolution. He stood as the FJP’s candidate for the May–June 2012 presidential election.
On June 24, 2012, the election commission announced that Morsi won Egypt’s presidential runoff against Ahmed Shafiq, the last prime minister under deposed leader Hosni Mubarak. According to official results, Morsi took 51.7 percent of the vote while Shafiq received 48.3. As he had promised during his campaign, Morsi resigned from his position as the head of the FJP after his victory was announced. He is the first civilian to hold the office.
Hosny Mubarak, President of Egypt (President Mubarak resigned on Feb 11, 2011. Power was taken over by the Armed Forces Supreme Council)
President Hosny Mubarak was born in Al-Menoufiyah governorate, located in the heart of Egypt, in the Delta area. Upon his completion of high school, Mr. Mubarak joined the Egyptian Military Academy, where he received his Bachelor Degree in Military Sciences.
In 1950, Mr. Mubarak joined the Air Force Academy and earned his Bachelor in Aviation Sciences. Since then he has held many command positions in the Egyptian Air Force as a Pilot, Instructor, Squadron Leader and Base Commander. In 1964, Mr. Mubarak headed the Egyptian Military delegation to the USSR and was appointed as the Commander of the Western Air Force Base, at Cairo West Airfield.
During the period from 1967 to 1972, he was appointed as the Director of the Air Force Academy and Chief of Staff of the Egyptian Air Force, and remained in this post until 1972 when he became Commander of the Air Force and Deputy Minister for Military Affairs. In October 1973, he was promoted to the rank of Air Marshall. In April 1975, Mr. Mubarak was named as Vice president of Egypt and was appointed as the Vice Chairman of the National Democratic Party (NDP), in 1978.
Video of Hosni Mubarak’s final speech before his resignation:
In 1981, Mr. Mubarak became President of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Chairman of the National Democratic Party. President Mubarak was re-elected by majority votes in 1987,1993, and 1999 for three successive terms.
In recognition of his international leading role, President Mubarak was elected twice as the Chairman of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), during the periods of 1989-1990 and 1993-1994. He has been, also, awarded various local and international prizes such as the Armour of the “Man of Peace” (1983), Prize of “Personality of the Year” (1984), Prize of “Man of the Year 1984” (1985), The Medal of the Astrolabe (1989), Prize of Democratic Human Rights (1990), Membership and Decoration “Honoris Causa” (1991), UN Prize of Population (1994).
Nationally, President Mubarak was awarded numerous Egyptian Civilian and Military Decorations such as Decoration of the Nile, Decoration of the Republic, Decoration of the Republic of the First Order, Decoration of Merit of the First Order, Decoration of Work of the First Order, Decoration of Sciences and Arts of the First Order, Decoration of Sports of the First Order, Memorial Decoration of Merit of the First Order, Memorial Decoration of Excellence of the First Order, Decoration of the Sinai Star of the First Order, Order of the Star of Honor, Military Star Medal, Military Decoration of the Republic of the First Order, Military Decoration for Courage of the First Order, Military Decoration for Duty of the First Order.
President Mubarak is married to Mrs. Suzanne Thabet, first lady of Egypt, and they have two sons, Alaa and Gamal as well as two grandsons.