Mahathir bin Mohamad, Prime Minister of Malaysia
Mahathir bin Mohamad (born 10 July 1925) is a Malaysian politician currently serving as Prime Minister of Malaysia for the second time. He is chairman of the Pakatan Harapan coalition, as well as a member of the Parliament of Malaysia for the Langkawi constituency in Kedah. He previously served as Prime Minister from 1981 to 2003, making him the office’s longest-serving holder. Mahathir’s political career has spanned more than 70 years since he first joined a newly formed United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) in 1946; he formed his own party, Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (Malaysian United Indigenous Party), in 2016.
Born and raised in Alor Setar, Kedah, Mahathir excelled at school and became a medical doctor. He became active in the UMNO before entering Parliament in 1964. He served one term before losing his seat, subsequently falling out with Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman and being expelled from UMNO. When Abdul Rahman resigned, Mahathir re-entered UMNO and Parliament, and was promoted to the Cabinet. By 1976 he had risen to Deputy Prime Minister, and in 1981 was sworn in as Prime Minister after the resignation of his predecessor, Hussein Onn.
During Mahathir’s first tenure as prime minister, Malaysia experienced a period of rapid modernization and economic growth, and his government initiated a series of bold infrastructure projects. Mahathir was a dominant political figure, winning five consecutive general elections and fending off a series of rivals for the leadership of UMNO. However, his accumulation of power came at the expense of the independence of the judiciary and the traditional powers and privileges of Malaysia’s royalty. He deployed the controversial Internal Security Act to detain activists, non-mainstream religious figures, and political opponents including the Deputy Prime Minister he fired in 1998, Anwar Ibrahim. Mahathir’s record of curbing civil liberties and his antagonism towards western interests and economic policy made his relationships with the United States, United Kingdom and Australia, among others, difficult. As Prime Minister, he was an advocate of third-world development and a prominent international activist.
After leaving office, Mahathir became a strident critic of his hand-picked successor Abdullah Ahmad Badawi in 2006 and later, Najib Razak in 2015. His son Mukhriz Mahathir was the Chief Minister of Kedah until early 2016. On 29 February 2016, Mahathir quit UMNO in light of UMNO’s support for the actions of Prime Minister Najib Razak, in spite of the 1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal. On 9 September 2016, the Malaysian United Indigenous Party was officially registered as a political party, with Mahathir as chairman. On 8 January 2018, Mahathir was announced as the Pakatan Harapan coalition candidate for prime minister for the 2018 general election, in a plan to pardon Anwar Ibrahim and hand a role to him if the campaign was successful.
Following a decisive victory for Pakatan Harapan in the 2018 election, Mahathir was sworn in as prime minister on 10 May 2018. At 93, he is the world’s oldest sitting head of government. He is the first prime minister not to represent the Barisan Nasional coalition (or its predecessor, the Alliance Party) and also the first to serve from two different parties and on non-consecutive terms.
Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Bin Haji Tun Abdul Razak, Prime Minister of Malaysia
Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Bin Haji Tun Abdul Razak became the 6th Prime Minister of Malaysia on the 3rd of April 2009. He was born on 23rd July 1953 in Kuala Lipis, Pahang. Currently, Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib is the Member of Parliament for Pekan, Pahang.
Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib recieved his early education at St. John Institution Kuala Lumpur. Later on, he pursued his education at Melverns Boys’ College, Worcestershire, England and then attended the University Of Nottingham, England.
Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib is married to Datin Paduka Seri Rosmah Mansor and is blessed with 5 children.Experience:
3rd April 2009 Prime Minister
Jan 2004 – Mac 2009 Deputy Prime Minister
Sept 2008 – Present Minister of Finance
1999 – 2008 Minister of Defence
1995 – 1999 Minister of Education
1990 – 1995 Minister of Defence
1987 – 1990 Minister of Youth and Sports
1986 – 1987 Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports
1982 – 1986 Chief Minister, Pahang
1982 – 1986 Member, State Assembly (Bandar Pekan)
1981 – 1982 Deputy Minister of Finance
1980 – 1981 Deputy Minister of Education
1978 – 1980 Deputy Minister of Energy, Telecommunications and Posts
1976 – 1982 Member of Parliament (Pekan)
1974 – 1976 Executive, Petronas
Dato’ Seri Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi, Former Prime Minister of Malaysia
Dato’ Seri Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi became the 5th Prime Minister of Malaysia on 31st October 2003.
Born on 26 November 1939 in Kampung Perlis, Bayan Lepas, Pulau Pinang, Dato’ Seri Abdullah received his early education at Sekolah Kebangsaan Pematang Bertam. He later attended Bukit Mertajam High School, Penang Methodist Boys’ School and a religious school started by his family. Dato’ Seri Abdullah pursued his tertiary education at the University of Malaya where he graduated with B.A.(Hons) in Islamic studies in 1964.
Upon graduating, Dato’ Seri Abdullah joined the civil service, where he started his career as Assistant Secretary in the Public Services Department in 1964. In 1969, Dato’ Seri Abdullah moved to the National Operation Council (NOC) or Majlis Gerakan Negara (MAGERAN), a body responsible to exercise the ruling powers for the country after the May 1969 racial riots. Dato’ Seri Abdullah was later promoted to the Ministry of Culture, Youth & Sports as Director General (1971-1973) and Deputy Secretary General in 1974.
Dato’ Seri Abdullah resigned from Government service in 1978 to pursue a political career. A loyal UMNO member since 1965, he was elected UMNO Supreme Council Member in 1981, and UMNO Vice President in 1984, 1987, 1990 and 1996. He became UMNO Deputy President in 2000.
Dato’ Seri Abdullah won his first election for the Parliamentary seat of the Kepala Batas constituency in 1978, (a seat he has retained since). In the same year, Dato’ Seri Abdullah was appointed to his first post in the administration of the Government of Malaysia, as the Parliamentary Secretary to the Federal Territory Ministry. He was then promoted to Deputy Minister in the same Ministry in 1980. Dato’ Seri Abdullah later held the post of Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department from 1981 to 1984; and Minister of Education from 1984 to 1986; Minister of Defence from 1986 to 1987; and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 15 Mac 1991 to 1999. In January 1999, Dato’ Seri Abdullah was appointed as the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Home Affairs. Dato’ Seri Abdullah is now the Minister of Finance as well as the Minister of Internal Security.
Dato’ Seri Abdullah married the late Datin Seri Endon Dato’ Mahmood in 1965, and is blessed with two children and four grandchildren.