Moon Jae-in, President of South Korea (since May 10, 2017)
Moon Jae-in (born 24 January 1953) is the current President of South Korea. Moon was elected after the impeachment of his predecessor, Park Geun-hye in the 2017 South Korean presidential election.
A former student activist, human rights lawyer, and chief presidential secretary to then-President Roh Moo-hyun, Moon once served as leader of Minjoo Party of Korea (2015–2016) and a member of the 19th National Assembly (2012–2016). He was also a candidate of the former Democratic United Party in the 2012 presidential election in which he lost narrowly to Park Geun-hye.
Born in Geoje, South Korea, Moon Jae-in was the first son among five children of father Moon Yong-hyung and mother Kang Han-ok. His parents were refugees from South Hamgyeong Province (currently in North Korea) who fled their native city of Hungnam during the Hungnam evacuation.
His family eventually settled in Busan and Moon attended Kyungnam High School. He enrolled in Kyunghee University where he majored in law. He was arrested, convicted, and imprisoned and expelled from the university after he organized a student protest against the Yushin Constitution. Later, he was conscripted into the military and assigned to the South Korean special forces, where he participated in “Operation Paul Bunyan” during the Axe murder incident.
After his discharge, he passed the Bar Exam and was admitted to the Judicial Research and Training Institute. He graduated second in his class but was not admitted to become a judge or government prosecutor due to his history of activism against the Yushin dictatorship under Park Chung-hee’s rule as a student. Moon chose to become a lawyer instead.
Moon married Kim Jung-sook, a vocalist from the same university he attended. He and Kim both individually revealed in separate Korean talk shows that Moon met his wife as a student activist.
He is currently the second Roman Catholic leader after the late former President Kim Dae-jung] and his baptismal (or Christian) name is “Timothy”.
He is also called “Dark King” in Korea. Because he resembles Silvers Rayleigh, a character from the Japanese manga series One Piece.
Hwang Kyo-ahn, Former Acting President of South Korea
Hwang Kyo-ahn, born 15 April 1957, is a South Korean lawyer who is the Prime Minister of South Korea and as of December 9, 2016 the Acting President, having assumed the presidential powers and duties following the ratification of the impeachment proposal of President Park Geun-hye.
Hwang was born on April 15, 1957. He graduated from Kyunggi High School in 1976. He received his LL.B in 1981 from the College of Law at Sungkyunkwan University, and passed the 23rd National Bar Exam the same year. Hwang earned his LL.M. in 2006 from the Graduate School of Law at Sungkyunkwan University
Park Geun Hy, Former President of South Korea (impeached on Dec 9, 2016)
President Lee Myung-Bak, Former President of South Korea
President Lee Myung-bak was elected president on December 19th, 2007 and was sworn in as the 17th President of the Republic of Korea on February 25th, 2008. President Lee was born on December 19th (1941), his marriage to First Lady Kim Yoon-ok took place on December 19th and he was elected on December 19th, making this one his most memorable and auspicious days.
President Lee started work early on in life to help support his poor family. He worked his way through elementary and middle school, eventually finishing night classes at Dongji Commercial High School in Pohang, a port city located in the southeastern tip of Korea. In recalling the past, President Lee said “The chronic poverty that haunted my family never disappeared until after I was in my 20s.” After graduating from high-school, he enrolled in, and graduated from Korea University, at one point, working as a garbage collector in order to pay for his tuition.
2005 Honorary Doctor of Economics, Mokpo National University, Mokpo, Korea
2005 Honorary Doctor of Economics, National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
2004 Honorary Doctor, Eurasia University, Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan
2004 Honorary Doctor of Business Administration, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea
1999 Visiting Scholar, The George Washington University, Washington D.C., USA
1998 Honorary Doctor of Science, Korea National University of Physical Education, Seoul, Korea
1965B.A. in Business Administration, Korea University, Seoul, Korea
2008President of the Republic of Korea
2007Presidential Candidate of the Grand National Party
2006Founder and Executive Chairman of Anguk Forum
2002-2006Mayor of Seoul
2001Commissioner, Subcommittee on Future Competitiveness, National Reform Committee, Grand National Party
1996-1998Assemblyman of the 15th National Assembly
1992-1996Assemblyman of the 14th National Assembly
1989Deputy Chairman of Korea-USSR Economic Association
1990Executive Director of Korea Electric Association
1983Vice President of Korea Management Association
1982-1992Deputy Chairman of Korea Chamber of Commerce & Industries
1982Chief of Construction Division, Economic Cooperation Committee in Southeast Asian Countries
1980Vice President of International Contractors Association of Korea
1980Vice President of Korea Atomic Industry Forum
2000-2007Economic Advisor to Hun Sen, the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia
1992-2007Honorary Ambassador of Arkansas State, USA
1991Chairman of Economic Committee for Northeast Asia(Member nations: Republic of Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Japan, China, Russia & Mongolia)
1986-1999Honorary Consul General of the Kingdom of Bhutan to Korea
2001-2007Advisor to Overseas Korean Traders Association (OKTA)
2000-2002President of Asia-Pacific Environmental Non-Governmental Organization in Korea
1994-2002Founder & Chairman of East Asia Foundation
1993Chairman of the World Federation of Korean Association of Commerce
1984Bureau Member of FINA (La Federation Internationale de Natation)
1982-1992Executive Member of the Korean Olympic Committee
1981-1992President of the Korea Amateur Swimming Federation
2007TIME Hero of the Environment
2005Personality of the year 2005 awarded by fDi Magazine, affiliate magazine of the Financial Times
1999Selected as one of the 30 Business Leaders in Korea in the 20th Century by Maeil Economic Daily & Federation of Korean Industries
1998Selected as one of the 50 Leaders Contributing to National Development by Chosun Ilbo
1985Received the Order of Industrial Service Merit, Gold Tower
1984Received the Order of Civil Merit
FamilyMarried to Kim Yoon-ok with one son and three daughters
ReligionElder at Somang Presbyterian Church, Seoul, Korea
Roh Moo-hyun, Former President of South Korea
Roh Moo-hyun was born in 1946 in a small farming village in Gimhae, Gyeongsang-namdo province. He graduated from Busan Commercial High School in 1966. Upon passing the national bar examination in 1975, he became a district court judge in the city of Daejeon in 1977. In 1978, he opened his own law office. In 1981 he defended a student who was arrested on trumped-up charges of anti-state activities. Since then, he became a human rights lawyer defending pro-democracy and labor rights activists.
He was one of the leaders of the June (1987)Democratization Struggles. Roh entered into politics in 1988 and led the nation’s political reforms with a strong commitment to principles and integrity.
He was elected to the 13th and 15th National Assembly and served as the Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries. He also served as vice president of the National Congress for New Politics and senior member of the Millennium Democratic Party. During his political career, he experienced a lot of challenges such as the four defeats in the general elections mainly due to divisive regionalism.
However, he did not give in to repeated setbacks and struggled to bring about new politics. He was nominated as the presidential candidate of the Millennium Democratic Party in 2002 through a national primary election system, which was adopted for the first time in Korea. On December 19, 2002, he was elected president in the 16th presidential election. His successful campaign owed much to the strength and support of the voluntary participation of the Korean people.