Nguyễn Phú Trọng, President of Vietnam (since Oct 23, 2018)
Nguyễn Phú Trọng (born 14 April 1944) is a Vietnamese politician who is the current General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam, in office since 19 January 2011. He is also the President of Vietnam, de jure head of state of Vietnam, in office since 23 October 2018. Nguyễn Phú Trọng was also Chairman of the National Assembly from 2006 to 2011.
He currently serves as General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam, in office since January 2011. He was elected General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam at the party’s 11th National Congress on 19 January 2011 and was re-elected at the 12th National Congress in 2016.
As General Secretary, Nguyễn Phú Trọng heads the party’s Secretariat and is the Secretary of the Central Military Commission in addition to being the de facto head of the Politburo, the highest decision-making body in Vietnam, which currently makes him the most powerful person in Vietnam.
On 3 October 2018, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam formally nominated Nguyễn Phú Trọng to be the next President of Vietnam to be voted on the next session of the National Assembly where the party holds an overwhelming majority, making him the third person to simultaneously head the party and the state after Ho Chi Minh (in North Vietnam only) and Trường Chinh.
On 23 October 2018, Nguyễn Phú Trọng was elected as the 9th President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in a meeting of the sixth session of the National Assembly.
Dang Thi Ngoc Thinh, Former Acting President of Vietnam
Born 25 December 1959, is a Vietnamese politician who is currently serving as Acting President of Vietnam after the death of President Trần Đại Quang on 21 September 2018. Thịnh is the first woman in Vietnamese history to become President or Acting President of Vietnam. She is the first female head of state in a communist country since Sabine Bergmann-Pohl of East Germany.
Thịnh was elected Vice President of Vietnam on 8 April 2016 after winning 91.09% of votes (450 votes) in the National Assembly, continuing the recent norm of having a woman holding this position. She was a member of the 11th and 13th National Assemblies. She became a member of the Communist Party of Vietnam on 19 November 1979.
Tran Dai Quang, President of Vietnam (elected with 452 out of 481 votes on Apr 2, 2016; dies on Sept 21, 2018)
Tran Dai Quang (born 12 October 1956) is the President of Vietnam, in office since 2 April 2016. Previously he served as Minister of Public Security from 2011 to 2016. He is a member of the 12th Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam, in which he is ranked second, after General Secretary Nguyễn Phú Trọng.
He attended the People’s Police School in 1972. From 1972 to 1975 he was a student at the School of Foreign Languages Department of Cultural Affairs (now the Ministry of Public Security). In 1975-1976 he served as an Officer in Political Protection Department I at the Ministry of Public Security. Beginning in 1978 he was an Officer II in the Political Protection Department at the Ministry of Public Security.
From 1982 to 1987 Quang served as Deputy Secretary, political Protection Department II, Ministry of the Interior; and was at the Security University from 1981 to 1986. From 1987 to 1990 he was Chief of Staff, Head of Business, political Protection Department II, Ministry of the Interior. At the same time, he did advanced theoretical study at the Academy of Nguyen Ai Quoc (1989-1991).
From 1990 to 1996 Quang served as Deputy Secretary of Party Committee, Deputy Director of Staff for Security and Deputy Director General in charge of Security Staff Department, General Department of Security. He was also enrolled in the Hanoi University of Law (1991-1994).
From 1996 to 2000, he was a Member of the Standing Committee of the Party Committee of General Security, Party Secretary, Director of Staff for Security. He was a graduate student at Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics and Public Administration (1994-1997).
From 2000 to 2006 he was Deputy Secretary of Party Committee, Deputy General Director of the General Security, the Ministry of Public Security. Promoted to Major General in 2003; he was appointed associate professor in 2003 and he was appointed professor in 2009. Promoted to Lt. General in April 2007, from 2006 through 2011, Quang was a member of the Standing Central Police Party Committee, Deputy Minister of Public Security.
In 2011 he was Commissioner of Police Standing Party Central Committee, Deputy Minister of Public Security. In Congress 11th National Party was elected to the Party Central Committee, the Central Government is elected to the Political Bureau.
At the first session of the 13th National Assembly ratified the Prime Minister’s proposals on appointing the new cabinet. Lieutenant General Tran Dai Quang, a Politburo member, Deputy Minister of Public Security, was appointed as the new Minister of Public Security, replacing General Le Hong Anh.
August 30, 2011: Tran Dai Quang was appointed Secretary of the Central Police Party Committee
December 5, 2011: The Minister of Public Security, Lieutenant General Tran Dai Quang, was promoted to the rank of Colonel General by President Truong Tan Sang.
December 29, 2012: The Minister of Public Security, Colonel General Tran Dai Quang, was promoted to the rank of General by President.
January 2016: The 14th Conference of the Party Central Committee XI was nominated as the new President.
At the Congress of the 12th National Party was elected to the Party Central Committee, the Central Government is elected to the Politburo.
Truong Tan Sang, Former President of Vietnam (since July 25, 2011)
Trương Tấn Sang (born on 21 January 1949) is the current president of Vietnam and the senior member of the politburo, the executive committee of the ruling Communist Party. He was ranked as the party’s number one leader following the 11th National Congress held in Hanoi in January 2011. He became state president following a vote of the National Assembly in July. Sang has been a member of the politburo since 1996. He was party secretary for Ho Chi Minh City from 1996 to 2000. He was promoted to the national party’s number two slot in October 2009. To get the top slot, he had to outmaneuver Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung.
Sang was born January 21, 1949 in Mỹ Hạnh, Đức Hòa, Long An. His nickname is “Tư Sang”. He joined the Communist Party in 1969. He was taken prisoner by the South Vietnamese government in 1971 and released under the Paris Peace Treaty in 1973. He has a bachelor of law. In 1992, he became party chairman for Ho Chi Minh City, the number two position in the city government. He joined the politburo in 1996 as its 14th ranking member. He was party secretary for Ho Chi Minh City, the top position in the city government, from 1996 to 2000. He was promoted to 10th position in the national party at a congress in April 2001. He was also appointed head of the party’s economic commission at this time. In 2003, he was reprimanded for failing from to act in the Nam Cam corruption scandal when he headed the city government. He was promoted to fifth position in the party at a congress in April 2006. At this congress, he was also appointed head of the party’s Secretariat, which supervises the membership and internal structure of the party.
In an unusual move, Sang was promoted to the party’s number two slot between congresses in October 2009. His authority soon “eclipsed” that of General Secretary Nong Duc Manh, the only person nominally above Sang in the party hierarchy, according to a leaked diplomatic cable by U.S. Ambassador Michael Michalak. Sang “assumed many of Manh’s normal responsibilities,” Michalak wrote. At diplomatic meetings, Sang could, “comment authoritatively, in detail and without notes”, whereas Manh “appeared disengaged” while he read a 30-minute prepared statement “verbatim and in a monotone.” To get the top slot at the 2011 congress, Sang had to outmaneuver Prime Minister Dung. Michalak described both Sang and Dung as “pragmatic” and “market-oriented”. Both are southerners, but traditionally the party’s top slot has gone to a northerner. Nguyen Phu Trong, a northerner, was selected secretary general at the Congress. In the past, the office of general secretary was the party’s top position, but Trong is ranked only No. 8 on the leadership list. The National Assembly elected Sang as state president on 25 July 2011. This position is merely ceremonial compared to that of senior politburo member, which Sang already holds.
Nguyen Minh Triet, Former President of Vietnam
Nguyen Minh Triet was re-elected State President of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam at the on-going first session of the 12th National Assembly on July 24.
Following is his brief biography:
– Born on October 8, 1942.
– Native land: Phu An Commune, Ben Cat District, Binh Duong province
– Admitted to the Communist Party of Viet Nam on March 30, 1965. Became full Party member on March 30, 1966.
– Education: Bachelor of Science in Mathematics.Summary of his career:
– 1960 to November 1963: Student majoring in Mathematics at university, took part in the Sai Gon Students’ Movement, assumed tasks at the revolutionary base in charge of the Sai Gon-Gia Dinh area.
– December 1963 to 1973: Cadre of the Central Committee of the People’s Revolutionary Youth Union and the Inspection Section of the Party Central Committee’s Department for South Vietnam , and Secretary of the Agency’s Youth Union, and battlefield in My Tho province.
– 1974 to August 1979: Deputy Director of General Affairs Department of the Youth Union , Deputy Chief of the Youth Union Central Committee’s Board for Voluntary Young People.
– September 1979 to July 1981: Trainee at the High-level Nguyen Ai Quoc Party School.
– July 1981 to December 1987: Head of the Youth Union Central Committee’s Board for Voluntary Young People, Secretary of the Party Committee of the Youth Union Central Committee in HCM City, member of the Youth Union Central Committee’s Executive Board, Secretary of the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union Central Committee, Deputy President and General Secretary of the Viet Nam Youth Union.
– January 1988 to September 1989: Complementarily elected to the Party Committee of southern Song Be province.
– October 1989 to December 1991: Permanent Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee of Song Be province, elected member of the Party Central Committee at the seventh National Party Congress (June 1991).
– December 1991 to December 1996: Member of the Party Central Committee, Secretary of the Party Committee of Song Be province, elected to the Communist Party Central Committee at the eighth National Party Congress, and deputy to the ninth National Assembly.
– January 1997 to December 1997: Member of the Party Central Committee, Deputy Secretary of the Ho Chi Minh City Party Committee.
– December 1997 to January 2000: Elected to the Party’s Politburo at the fourth Conference of the eighth Party Central Committee, Chairman of the Central Party Committee’s Commission for Mass Mobilisation.
– January 2000 to June 2006: Politburo member, Secretary of the Ho Chi Minh City Party Committee.
-May 2002 to June 2006: deputy to the 11th National Assembly.
-June 2006: elected State President of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam at the ninth session of the 11th National Assembly. – (VNA)
Nông Đức Mạnh, Former President of Vietnam
Nông Đức Mạnh (born on 11 September 1940 (age 66) in Cuong Loi, Na Ri District, Bac Kan province, Vietnam, Asia) is the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV). He has held that position since 22 April 2001 and was reappointed in April 2006.
Mạnh’s official biography says that he was the son of peasants of the Tay ethnic group and that he was born on 11 September 1940 in Cuong Loi, Na Ri District, Bac Kan province. He began his career as a forestry worker and joined the revolution in 1958.
From 1962 to 1963, Mạnh was working as forest supervisory technician in Bac Can Forestry Service. He was admitted to the CPV on 5 July 1963 and became an official member of the CPV on 10 July 1964.
From 1963 to 1965, Mạnh was the deputy chief of the Bach Thong wood exploiting team. He then returned to studies, and was taught Russian language at Hanoi Foreign Languages College 1965-1966. He then travelled to Leningrad, Soviet Union, were he studied at the Forestry Institute until 1971. After returning to Vietnam, he became the deputy head of the Bac Thai provicial forestry inspection board.
From 1973 to 1974, Mạnh served as director of the Phu Loung State Forestry Camp in Bac Thai province.
From 1974 to 1976, Mạnh studied at the Nguyen Ai Qouc High-Level Party School.
From 1976 to 1980, Mạnh served as the deputy director of the provincial forestry service and director of the construction company of the provincial forestry service.
Rising with the party ranks, Mạnh was a member of the Bac Thai Provinicial Party Committee from 1976 to 1983.
In 1984, Mạnh became the deputy secretary of the committee, and in November 1986, the secretary of the committee. At the 6th national party congress he was elected as an alternate member of the Central Committee. At the 6th party plenum in March 1989, he was elevated to full central committee member. Since 1991 he has been sitting in the politburo of the party.
There have been persistent rumors that Mạnh is the son of Hồ Chí Minh. In April 2001, after he was selected to head the Communist Party, a reporter at a news conference asked him to confirm or deny the rumors. He said “All Vietnamese people are the children of Uncle Ho.” When asked again about the rumor in January 2002 by a Time Asia reporter, he denied the rumors but added that all Vietnamese people consider Hồ Chí Minh their spiritual father.
Many view him as a modernizer, and he has announced that he wants Vietnam to become an industrialized country by 2020.